A recent study, published in the BMJ warns that women over 50 who have fried food as a regular part of their diet, may be increasing their risk of death.
The study by researchers from the University of Iowa has shown that eating fried foods can increase risk of type 2 diabetes, heart problems, and death from multiple causes.
The study followed 106,966 women aged 50 to 79, who joined the Women’s Health Initiative (WHI) between 1993 and 1998.
The researchers then has access to follow up information up to 2017. During this follow up period, 31,558 of the women died, with 9,320 from heart problems, 8358 from cancer-related problems, and 13,880 from other causes.
As a part of the study, the participants gave information about their dietary information, including the total consumption of different types of fried foods.
The research confirmed a link between eating fried foods as a part of an individuals regular diet, and an increased risk of death.
The report found that participants who reported eating at least one serving of fried food per day had an 8% higher risk of death than participants who did not eat fried food. This risk increased with higher amounts of fried food consumed.
The researchers also looked at the associated risk of specific types of fried food, and found that:
- Eating one serving of fried chicken per day increased risk of death by 13% overall, and an increased risk of death due to heart problems by 12%.
- Eating one serving of fried fish or shellfish increased the risk of death by 7% overall, and increases risk of death due to heart problems by 13%
The investigators also examined who was more likely to consume fried foods on a regular basis. They found that those who did eat fried food regularly tended to be younger (50-65 years), not white, lower education and income levels, and a poorer overall diet.
Following these findings, the researchers concluded that:
Frequent consumption of fried foods, especially fried chicken and fried fish/shellfish, was associated with a higher risk of all cause and cardiovascular mortality in women in the US.